Avigdor Kahalani is a retired brigadier general of the IDF and a former member of the Knesset. As a twenty-nine year old lieutenant colonel and commander during the Yom Kuppur War, Kahalani led his battalion in fierce defensive fighting against a vastly superior Syrian mechanized force. His victory in this battle proved to be a turning point in the war. For his heroism, General Kahalani received the highest Israeli military decoration, the Medal of Valor.
Kahalani was first elected to the Knesset as a member of the Labor Party in the 1992 election; he served on several Knesset committees, including Foreign Affairs, Defense, and Education and Culture. He was active in the Committee for the Rescue of Jews from Yemen and chairman of the Golan Lobby in the Knesset. During the Knesset session, Kahalani broke away from teh Labor Party and founded the Third Way party with Emanuel Zisman. The new party won four seats in the 1996 elections and joined Binyamin Netanyahu's coalition where Kahalani served as Minister of Internal Security.
Since November 2007, Kahalani has served as chairman of the Organization for the Soldier.