A Judge for the Beis Din and a Judge for the secular courts get together and talk about Islamic law.
Arbitration became acceptable to the secular courts in the 1960s. Before that time, as described by Rabbi Dr. Michael Broyde, generally Jews were happy to abide by the secular courts in America because they were not for sale as the courts in Europe were. He and Judge Robert Mark discuss the differences between Beis Din and Sharia courts. Rabbi Broyde consults for the Sharia court in Chicago and feels Sharia law can’t be acceptable until they take into account the law of the land and the surrounding society.